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THE BATTLE OF GABBIADANO - 20th OCTOBER 1757.

Being as rich as it was, Lombardy was well fortified, and the invading Spanish had to detach half of their force to screen border fortresses, and secure the passes over the mountains.
This was the first sign that there might be hope for Zinnsburger to mount a successful defense. The second, was the outstanding job done by his light cavalry in keeping track of the invaders' movements, and screening his own. It was this traditionally fine Austrian work in "der kleine kreig" that enabled him to bring Panos to battle at Gabbiadano on October 20th.
Gabbiadano was a small, solid village surrounded by walled fields and orchards, and standing in the shadow of Monte Bartoli, a tall, pine-covered hill that dominated the surrounding plain.
To the Southwest of Gabbiadano lay another, similar village, Rosucci. Zinnsburger filled the woods atop Monte Bartoli with Grenzers, deployed his infantry, around Gabbiadano, and his cavalry, divided …

The Campaigns of 1757.

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Spring: The 1756 campaigning season had been a highly successful for one for Elizabeth, Empress of all the Russians, but over the subsequent Winter the limitations on any further expansion of her realm started to become clear. Money, or more specifically lack thereof, was going to be a problem as war dragged on. Elizabeth ruled an empire that was vast, but relatively poor, and the two new territories added to it in 1756 were, other than the longed-for warm water ports provided by the conquest of the Crimea, similarly lacking in resources. Two small-scale campaigns, both against minor opponents, and the subsequent crash ship-building program launched in the Baltic as soon as the Crimea had fallen into Russian hands had largely emptied Elizabeth’s treasury. However, the Empress was not completely without resources at her disposal. Russia’s revenues might be be meager, but its reserves of manpower were vast. What was needed, it soon became apparent to the Tsarina, was an ally with the oppos…